Monday, 20 April 2015

Literary Image:

Q. What is an image? Illustrate with examples.

Fire CrestImage: Image in its simplest sense is a word picture. C. Day Lewis in his Poetic Image defined it as a “picture made out of words”. Images are used to make poetry concrete, as opposed to abstract. An image is a description of some visible scene or object. But apart from the visual reproduction of the object, an image may appeal to other senses like – sense of touch, sense of smell, sense of taste etc. Images may be of two types – literal and figurative. Literal image is taken for what it is. It only gives us a mental picture and does not refer to any further thought. But figurative images are the vehicles of similes and metaphors. It not only gives us a mental picture but also carries with it a thought apart from that picture. In William Wordsworth’s “She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways”, we find literal images of “untrodden ways”, “springs”, “grave”. But there are also figurative images which function as the vehicles of similes and metaphor. Some examples are “A violet by a mossy stone” and “a star, when only one/ Is shining in the sky”. All these refer to the secluded life of Lucy. In Philip Sidney’s Loving in Truth, we get literal images like “blackest face”, “fresh and fruitful showers”. But there are the images of child, step-dame and pregnant woman which act as the vehicles of metaphors and similes and convey the sense of spontaneous poetic skill, artificial and learned approach to poetry and poet full of thoughts and feelings respectively.

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